diffuser

A specially designed duct, chamber, or section, sometimes equipped with guide vanes, that decreases the velocity of a fluid, such as air, and increases its pressure, such as in a jet engine, a wind tunnel, etc. In a gas turbine engine, the diffuser converts the velocity energy of the air leaving the compressor into pressure energy before it passes into the combustion chamber. The diffuser may be formed as an integral part of the compressor casing or be bolted to it. It consists of a number of tangential vanes, whose inner edges are parallel to the direction of the resultant airflow from the rotating compressor. The passages between the vanes are proportioned so that air pressure attains the requisite entry value on entry to the combustion chambers.
Location of diffuser in axial and centrifugal flow engines.

Aviation dictionary. 2014.

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  • diffuser — [ difyze ] v. <conjug. : 1> • XVe, rare av. XIXe; de diffus I ♦ V. tr. 1 ♦ Répandre dans toutes les directions. ⇒ disperser, propager, répandre. Diffuser la chaleur, la lumière. Pronom. « par les fenêtres grandes ouvertes, l or de ce soleil …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Diffuser — can refer to any device that diffuses in some manner such as: In aerodynamics Diffuser (automotive), a shaped section of a car s underbody which improves the car s aerodynamic properties divergent part of the flute[clarification needed] divergent …   Wikipedia

  • Diffuser — Dif*fus er, n. One who, or that which, diffuses. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diffuser — or diffusor [di fyo͞o′zər] n. a person or thing that diffuses, as a device for distributing light evenly …   English World dictionary

  • Diffuser — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Diffuser », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Diffuser est un groupe de rock américain (Long Island) qui s est formé en 1994. Il se composait alors de Tomas Costanza (guitare/chant),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DIFFUSER — v. tr. Répandre dans tous les sens. Diffuser la lumière. Fig., Diffuser des idées, des sentiments …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • diffuser — difuzorius statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Periodinio veikimo ekstrahavimo iš kietųjų medžiagų aparatas. atitikmenys: angl. diffuser rus. диффузор …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • diffuser — dulkintuvas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. blowgun; diffuser; sputterer vok. Diffusor, n; Sprühgerät, n; Zerstäuber, m rus. распылитель, m pranc. atomiseur, m; diffuseur, m; pulvérisateur, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • diffuser — difuzorius statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. diffuser vok. Diffusor, m rus. диффузор, m pranc. diffuseur, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • diffuser — difuzorius statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Kanalo (vamzdžio) dalis, kuriame mažinamas dujų (skysčio) srautas ir didinamas slėgis. Ikigarsinių srautų difuzorius yra besiplečiančio kanalo formos, viršgarsinių srautų – siaurėjančio kanalo… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

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